Long Island in New York State is better known for housing the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens than for its vine growing capabilities. For those not familiar with the region, it lies on the same latitude as Southern Italy but its strong ocean influence means its wines are a different spectrum to those of Campania or Puglia! With cool, wet winters and warm, humid summers viticulture is challenging, but Channing Daughters strive to work as consciously as possible and are certified in the Long Island Sustainable Winegrowing Program. Long Island is of glacial origin, and provides a combination of loamy soils, perfect for grape growing due to their good drainage and moderate fertility. All vineyards are trained in VSP to increase aeration, and are worked by hand. As winemaker Christopher Tracy likes to put it, the vineyards are treated like gardens. They grow and create wines from over two dozen varieties. The white grapes include Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Tocai Friulano, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Malvasia, Gewurztraminer, Ribolla Gialla and Pinot Bianco, and the red varieties include Merlot, Blaufränkisch, Dornfelder, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Teroldego, Refosco and Lagrein. Christopher follows a non-dogmatic approach when it comes to his winemaking. He believes all his wines should have a sense of place and be utterly delicious, however he will follow different approaches depending on the style he aims to achieve.